【摘要】  造型是工业设计永恒的主题。曾几何时,功能主义、使用设计乃至生活方式设计覆盖了人们的设计思域,但是细细想来一切功能、结构、人机、市场需求的实现都应该立足于以人为本,并最终归结于造型的表达,所以有必要对造型做一个深入的研讨。

    汽车作为对人类生活影响极大的所谓“第一商品”,其造型也必然的受到各方面因素的影响,并且反过来影响人类的各个层面,特别是其他种类商品的造型风格和趋势。因此,本文对于汽车的造型设计从政治、经济、文化、社会等各个方面展开研讨,并着重运用视觉心理学、审美生理学、仿生学等方法对汽车具体的造型风格、线型特征、视觉功能等做出自己的判断,继而得出较有普遍指导意义的法则。

    出于对社会生活中实际需求的体察,确立了社区用微型电动车的概念。为此,首先着手开发适用于该车型的新型电动车底盘,并且对其进行了动力性能和行驶状况的试验,分析结果提出改进意见,取得了进一步开发的技术前提。在此之上,运用前述的法则,并细化为微型电动车的造型设计对策,完成下一步使用功能的设计,最终达到功能合理、使用方便、造型美观、绿色环保、经济适用的要求。

【关键词】  汽车 造型设计 社区 电动车 设计开发

Car Styling Design Research &
Development of mini-Electric Vehicle for Community

Zengyong
(College of Artistic Design, Nanjing University of technology)

【Abstract】 Styling is the everlasting theme of industrial design. The ideas, such as functionalism, design for use and lifestyle have fulfilled the field of ID at one time. But when we think it thoroughly, we must find that all the realization of functions, constructions, ergonomics and marketable wants should base on the idea, which is said, “focus on people”. And they must end in an expression with styling. So it’s needful to get a research on styling in-depth.

    As is said “the pivotal merchandise” for its great affect on human beings, car styling itself is affected from lots factors, and affects all the aspects of its time, especially the manner & trend of other merchandises. So, this paper takes a research on many fields, such as politics, economics, culture and society. Its emphasis is to make a judgment and universal rule on the specific style, graphic feature and visual function of car by visual psychology, aesthetically physiology and bionics.

    In view of the really needs of people’s life, the idea of mini electric-vehicle (EV) used in community is founded. For this, we firstly design and make a newly EV chassis, then take an experience of its dynamic and running. By analyses the result and give an improvement opinion, we get a technology premise to the next development. Based on this, aforesaid rule become to a styling plan of mini EV. Finally, the design for use is finished, and the requirement of proper functions, convenience, handsome, economy and friendly environmental interface achieved.

【Keyword】 Car, Styling, Community, Electric-Vehicle, Development

标签:汽车造型
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